- Lithium battery costs
Re: Lithium battery costs
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Brent – you make some very valid points - Andrew
On Behalf Of
Brent Cameron via groups.io
Sunday, September 5, 2021 6:02 PM
Re: [AmelYachtOwners] Lithium battery costs
I’m sorry but I really don’t get the fascination with installing electric motors on cruising sailboats. Your 40KW motor is 53 HP which is about half the power that your boat came with (assuming your later model Super Maramu had the Yanmar
105HP). Granted you don’t NEED all of that 105HP as there are plenty of Super Maramu owners perfectly happy with their 78 HP Perkins/Volvos which would put out about 40KW at 2400 RPM but I suspect that 40 KW is stretching your ability to get off a lee shore
or through some big currents. You could try it by running your motor at about 1700 RPM.
The 28Kw/h battery bank could run that 40KW motor at that rate for a grand total of 38 minutes on batteries alone but I very much doubt that your battery bank could support discharging at 1.4C (most Lithium Ion installations restrict to 1.0C and that’s on the
extreme end IMHO). If you also fired up your new 18KW generator, it drops your C rate to less than 1 and you could double your longevity but 76 minutes of power (assuming your batteries were already fully charged AND you starting the genset the instant you
turned on the electric motor) is not nearly enough IMHO to satisfy basic seamanship requirements even for just coastal cruising.
That’s a huge cost to get a significant reduction in capability and I think would dramatically lower the resale value of your fine boat.
I get the urge to electrify everything but are you really getting that benefit if you have to run a diesel genset at the same time? It works for cars because they can carry huge battery banks (the Base Tesla model 3 has a 50KW/h battery pack of NCA (Lithium
Nickel Cobalt Aluminum) cells that are designed to discharge at high C rates unlike the LiFePO4 cells used in boats for safety reasons). Of course that means that they are a lot more susceptible to bursting into flames so not a great idea on your floating
home. Also a model 3 car at 60 mph/100 km/h only uses about 0.34kw/h as most of the power is needed to get it moving and they can regenerate that kinetic energy when braking and coasting which can’t be done in a boat - although admittedly you could put a hydro-generator
on to help recharge the batteries when sailing - but of course that won’t be of any use when you have to motor. Still, that 50KWH battery is only good for 151 kms of range according to Tesla’s configurator… they want you to upgrade to the 82KWH battery to
get 500kms (300 miles).
We had a good example of the difficulty of doing this in sailboats with one of our recent guest speakers, the estimable Jimmy Cornell having to give up his attempt to sail across the Atlantic (let alone the world) on his specifically designed and completely
solar bedecked Catamaran earlier this year. They said that they dramatically underestimated the power consumption and overestimated the generation capabilities- and that’s with a team of sponsors well motivated to make sure of his success. He’s now going
to try again but only after significantly upgrading the solar, hydro generation and efficiency of his consuming equipment. An Amel can’t carry the same amount of solar as a specifically designed cat and they need more power to move them than a performance
cat as well.
It’s your money but I don’t get it. I guess you’d save a lot of diesel because you’d not be able to motor anywhere anyway. LOL. If I was that worried about saving carbon, I think I’d pocket the money and stay on the dock. :-)
On Sep 5, 2021, 10:10 AM -0400, Andrew & Kate Lamb <andrew@...>, wrote:
That’s an interesting figure – I have been exploring the concept of an Oceanvolt drive for the supermaramu with an 18KW DC generator to provide range only dependent on the diesel
tank size. A 40KW motor system with 28kWh lithium batteries and the DC generator + 5K 48/230 inverter and 48/24 V convertor comes in installed at just over 100K euros. There recommendation is that one would not touch the existing battery system but just charge
it from the lithium batteries / generator - 230v power would directly from the lithium batteries / generator. At the moment I am not even sure there would be space to install such as system and also if the C drive is compatible, but it has some appeal to it.
Ronpische SM 472
I had Maine yacht center install 1200ah of lithionics batteries with 1200w of solbian solar, 300a api alternator and 2 x 3kw victron inverter chargers. 90k usd with about half that
Future Amel Owner & Amel Owner Registry Moderator
Oro-Medonte, Ontario, Canada
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